This page contains resources and tools for understanding concepts in the earth and space sciences. Links to animations, videos, reference material, and tutorials are sorted by topic. Jump to a unit using the buttons below.

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Animations & Visual Aids

Classzone

PhET Interactive

Simulations & animations (University of Nebraska-Lincoln)

astro-simulations

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Meteorology

Astronomy

Earth's Moon

Interactive

Moon Phase Simulator

Videos

+ Tidal Locking: Why do we see only one side of the Moon?

Synchronous Rotation of the Moon

The Moon Illusion

Total Lunar Eclipse in One Minute

Moon Origin Theory

+ The Moon's Inclination & Eclipses

+ Does The Moon Really Orbit The Earth?

+ Bay of Fundy Tides

+ Darkside (view all sides of the Moon)

 

Reference

+ The Moon HMX

+ Tides & Currents (Real time data)

+ Does the Moon look the same in different countries? 

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Stars

Interactive

+ 100,000 Stars

+ Star in a Box (Life Cycles)

+ Elements and Spectral Analysis

 

Videos

How big is the Sun?

Creating Elements from "Nothing"

The Elements: Forged in Stars

Where Does The Sun Get Its Energy?

+ Where does the Sun get its Energy (Fusion)

+ Star Sizes

+ The Expanding Universe

+ Hubble's Expanding Universe

+ Oldest Galaxy Ever Discovered

+ Andromeda Collision

+ Picture of the Big Bang (CMB)

+ Big Bang, Cosmology: Crash Course Part 1

+ Beyond the Big Bang (1 hour 30 mins)

+ Betelgeuse Star Supernova View from Earth​

 

Reference

+ Galaxies & Stars HMX

SolarHam Sun Data

Sunspots

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The Universe

Videos

Spectroscopy of Stars

Cosmic Background Radiation

Stephen Hawking - The Expanding Universe

Hubble's Expanding Universe

Supermassive Black Holes

Measuring Gravitational Waves (LIGO)

+ Milky Way - Andromeda Collision

Microwaves and Radio Waves

The Absurdity of Detecting Gravitational Waves

Reference

+ The Universe HMX

Astronomical Calendars

+ Spectra of Gas Discharges

 
 

Plate Tectonics

Videos

Plate Tectonics Explained

How Tall can Mountains Be?

Why is it hot underground?

Plate Tectonics (Full Review)

How the Earth was Made: Iceland

How the Earth was Made: Hawaii

+ Magnetic Mineral Alignment

Reference

+ Plate Tectonics HMX

EarthScienceinMaine Online Textbook

Plate Tectonics Story (USGS)

Plate Tectonics (UCMP)

Seafloor Spreading (magnetism animation)

+ Layers of the Earth- What is the MOHO?

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Earthquakes & Volcanoes

Interactive

Global Earthquake Explorer (GEE) / IRIS Earthquake Browser

Earthquakes- Past 7 Days

Earthquake Depth Maps

Volcanoes Around the World

+ Current Volcano Hazards (USGS)

+ Magma Indonesia

Videos

Mount St. Helens Eruption

Mount St. Helens Video

Perspective: a graphical comparison of earthquake energy release

+ Japan 2011 Tsunami Documentary

 

Reference

+ Earthquakes HMX 

 

Extras

Earthquake KML Files (USGS)

Earthquakes (USGS)

Inge Lehmann: Discoverer of the Earth's Inner Core​

+ MohrPlotter

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Earth's History

Interactive

+ Pages 8 & 9 (Zoomable/Color)

+ Visible Geology  

 

Videos

Putting Earth's history into perspective

Geologic Time ESRT P. 8

Geologic Time ESRT P. 9

Geologic History of NY State ESRT p. 2, 3, 8, 9

+ The 6 Craziest Extinctions Ever

+ The Day the Mesozoic Died

Radioactive Decay

Radioactive Decay ESRT

Radioactive Decay (BozemanScience)

Law of Superposition

 

General Meteorology Sites

WW2010 Online Meteorology Guide

Jetstream Online School for Weather

   - Topic Matrix

Fundamentals of Meteorology Animations

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Structure & Composition

Interactive

Greenhouse Effect 

+ Greenhouse Effect Basics

1976 Standard Atmosphere Calculator​

 

Videos & Animations

+ Atmospheric Layers / Structure HMX

 

Reference

+ Earths Atmosphere HMX

+ Composition and Layers 

Ozone Watch (Facts & Data)

Extras

Why the Sky is Blue

Auroras Explained

+ Aurora 

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Atmospheric Energy

Interactive

+ Monsoons

+ Global Energy Balance

 

Videos

Conduction Explained

+ Convection Time-lapse (clouds)

+ How Do Greenhouse Gases Actually Work?

+ Sea Breeze explained

 

Reference

+ Transfer of Heat Energy and Energy Balance 

To play, press and hold the enter key. To stop, release the enter key.

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Geology & Mapping

 
 
 

Climate & Hydrology

Climate.gov

+ News & Features

+ Maps & Data

+ Teaching Climate

 

Videos

+ Understanding Trend and Variation

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Climate Factors

Videos

Why Does Earth Have Deserts?

+ Ocean Currents Animation

Interactive

+ Ocean Currents (NWS interactive)

Reference

+ Effect of the Sun's Energy on the Ocean and Atmosphere

+ US Climographs

+ Climate Controls

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El Nino/Southern Oscillation

Interactive

+ El Nino & La Nina

Videos

El Nino - La Nina

El Nino (Met office explainer)

+ El Nino and La Nina Explained

How it Happens/ El Nino

El Nino 2015

Reference

+ El Nino/La Nina Explainer

+ El Nino (definition, processes, impacts)

 

Data

Current ENSO Conditions

SOI Values